Supporting a work environment that motivates employees is one of the most important things within any business.
If you don’t have motivated employees to put forth the effort required to do well, it’s likely that your company will face some challenges. Employees are with you to keep your business running and moving forward, but if you don’t encourage employee motivation, the business is likely to remain stagnant — or worse: begin to decline. However, you can work to combat these issues by designing a job that provides ongoing motivation.
Job Design is a psychological theory of motivation that is defined as the systematic and purposeful allocation of tasks to groups and individuals within an organization. The five core characteristics of job design are skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and job feedback. Including these characteristics in your jobs affects the following work-related outcomes — motivation, satisfaction, performance, absenteeism, and turnover.
Let’s dive deeper into each of these characteristics to help you design a truly motivational job.
1. Skill Variety
This refers to the range of abilities needed to perform a job. Monotony is not what many people look for in their dream job; conversely, employees want to be able